The negative consequences are:
- Increased commuting, increased motorized individual traffic
- High emissions (CO2, pollutants, noise), reduced regional competitiveness by traffic congestions
- Reduced profitability of transport services
- Accessibility constraints for population groups which depend on public transport
- High mobility costs for private households, high time expenditure, reduced quality of life
- Vulnerability of real estate values in case of heavily rising energy costs for mobility
Governance measures for spatial and transport development are key factors in influencing future mobility, avoiding "enforced" individual motorized mobility.
But they face big problems:
- Most private ways start and end at home. So residency locations at a considerable rate determine mobility needs, chances for sustainable traffic (foot, bicycle, public transport), accessibility and long term costs. But many households do not consider long term effects, mainly searching for cheap building sites and low residential costs
- Public authorities and political decisions frequently follow residential market demands, neglecting effects of an inappropriate development
The main challenge of MORECO partnership is to support public transport by influencing spatial governance from local to transnational level by:
- New institutional cooperation between spatial planning authorities and transport providers
- Methodological instruments for spatial planners and politicians for long term cost-impacts
- New instruments showing spatial potentials for transport actors
- New services for briefing house hunting households showing long term cost effects
Main objective is to improve accessibility and to foster sustainable mobility by an optimized polycentric settlement development in the Alpine Space.
The project partners are political bodies or work in very close contact with local, regional, national political and administrative institutions. This will ensure that the outputs will be transferred to and implemented in the political decision making processes.
Partners are coming from 5 different EU Member States: they bring in needs, experiences and skills and different backgrounds (local and regional public authorities, research centers, universities). The comparison of problems and solutions is necessary to reach a winning mix of tools and strategies and to ensure transferability in Alpine Space regions.